Category: 1996

European Concerted Action on Lyme Borreliosis (EUCALB)

S. O’Connell Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, England. Continuing uncertainty about the extent of the problem posed by Lyme borreliosis, the risk of serious sequelae, and unsatisfactory laboratory techniques to investigate it have led to the collaboration of researchers from 12 European Union (EU) countries and two nations from the former Eastern bloc. The European Union […]

The tuberculosis situation in Portugal : a historical perspective to 1994

M.L. Antunes, A. Fonseca-Antunes Directorate-General of Health, Lisboa, Portugal. Historical background Portugal built its first tuberculosis (TB) hospital in Funchal, Madeira, in 1862. In 1899, Queen Amelia proposed and sponsored a private foundation, with clinics, hospitals, sanatoriums and preventoria,where relatives and other contacts of TB patients were admitted for monitoring and treatment if required. The […]

EWGLI: a European surveillance scheme for travel associated legionnaire’s disease

EJ Hutchinson1, CA Joseph1, CLR Bartlett1 on behalf of the European Working Group for Legionella Infections 1 PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, London, England. Introduction The European Working Group for Legionella Infections (EWGLI) was set up in 1986 and introduced the European Surveillance Scheme for Travel Associated Legionnaires’ Disease in 1987. The microbiologists working in […]

An outbreak of hepatitis A in Puglia, Italy, 1996

P Malfait1,3, PL Lopalco2, S Salmaso3, C Germinario2, G Salamina3, M Quarto2, S Barbuti2 et l’équipe de terrain (R Cipriati, A Mundo, G Pesone) 2 1 European Program for Intervention Epidemiology Training 2 Istituto d’Igiene dell’Università, Bari, Italie 3 Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Laboratorio di Epidemiologia e Biostatistica, Reparto Malattie Infettive, Rome, Italie IntroductionIn the […]

Value of influenza vaccine during an outbreak of influenza A in a nursing home, Pyrénées Atlantiques, France, November-December 1995

A Infuso1,2, S Baron1, H Fauveau3, M Melon4, H Fleury5, JC Desenclos11. Réseau National de Santé Publique, Saint Maurice, France 2. European Program for Intervention Epidemiology Training 3. Direction Départementale de l’Action Sanitaire et Sociale, Pyrénéees Atlantiques, France 4. Laboratoire de bactériologie, Centre Hospitalier de Pau, France 5. Laboratoire de virologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de […]


ver 30 years ago, AD Langmuir defined surveillance as “the ongoing systematic collection, collation and analysis of data and the prompt dissemination of the resulting information to those who need to know so that an action can result”. The countries of the European Union face crisis in public health, economic, and political terms as evidence […]

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease: results of an inquiry in the fifteen Member States of the European Union

Introduction Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) was first described in 1920-1921. CJD is a rare disease with a reported incidence of 0.5 to 1 case per million people in Europe (1). This fatal dementia belongs to the category of Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSE) whose human forms include Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome, kuru and fatal familial insomnia, all of which […]

Bacterial meningitis in Europe for 1994

Thirty-five European countries contributed surveillance data to the fourth annual report of the King’s European Meningococcal Surveillance Unit in London, which gathers and shares information about the epidemiology of meningococcal disease to inform public health policy. The incidence of meningococcal infection in 1994, based on notifications, varied from 0.19 to 11.32 per 100 000 population […]

Outbreak of measles among adolescents, Belgium, 1996

K. De Schrijver Gezondheidsinspectie Antwerpen, Belgium. Measles is an acute highly contagious disease characterised by fever, cough, coryza, conjunctivitis, an erythematous maculopapular rash, and a pathognomonic enanthem (Koplik spots). Ten per cent of cases suffer such complications as otitis media and bronchopneumonia, and encephalitis occurs in one in 1000 cases. Complications occur more frequently with […]

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